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What Is AI(Artificial intelligence) ?? And How AI Work??

What Is AI?




Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a vast branch of computer science that deals with the creation of smart machines capable of performing tasks that normally require human intelligence.

How AI Works??

In 1950, the idea of AI was revealed by mathematician Allen Tuning. AI's main objective is to copy or equal a man's intelligent

The main limitation in the definition of AI is to create a machine that is intelligent. This definition shows Artificial Intelligence and which key object makes the machine intelligent??

Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig have shown the four main parts of AI in their book “AI : a morden apporoch”

1. Thinking humanly

2. Thinking rationally

3. Acting humanly

4. Acting rationally

The first two thoughts relate to worrying processes and logic, while the other deals with behavior. Norwig and Russell focus exclusively on rational agents who work to achieve the best result, "all the skills required for the turing test also allow the agent to function rationally." (Russell and Norwig 4)

Jeremy Achin, CEO of data robot at Japan AI Experience in 2017, described the following definition of AI at the start of the speech.

"AI is a computer system capable of performing functions for the need of human intelligence in general... Many of these artificial intelligence systems are managed by machine learning, some of them are driven by deep learning, some of them by boring things like rules."

How AI Used??

AI is mainly divided into 2 categories

Narrow AI

Sometimes called "weak AI, "this type of artificial intelligence works in a limited context and is a simulation of human intelligence. Narrow AI is always focused on doing the same work very well and when these machines seem smart, they are operating under many limitations and limitations than very basic human intelligence.

A few examples of Narrow AI

Google search

Image recognition software

Siri, Alexa and other personal assistants

Self-driving cars

IBM's Watson

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI):

AGI, sometimes called "Strong AI," is a kind of artificial intelligence we see in movies, such as Westworld's Robo or Star Trek data: The Next Generation. AGI is a common-sense machine and, like a man, he can use that intelligence to solve any problem.

Example of Artificial Intelligence


Smart Assistants (such as Siri and Alexa)

Disease Mapping and Forecasting Tools

Manufacturing and Drone Robots

"The Conditions of The People"

Chat for Marketing and Customer Service

Robo-Advisors for Stock Trading

Spam filters on email

Social media monitoring tools for dangerous content or false news

Song or TV Show Recommendations from Spotify and Netflix

Facts about some AI Machines

1997

IBM's Deep Blue defeat world chess champion Gary Kasparov

2008

Google makes progress in speech recognition and features in its iPhone app.

2016

Google Deep mind’s AlphaGo defeated world champion Go player Lee Sedol.

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